The political debate this elections season has been hard for many to stomach, but the recent focus on tax returns is an opportune time to talk about a situation that many women don’t want to admit – they never read their tax return before signing it.
While I haven’t taken a scientific poll, I have encountered many women who sign their tax return year-after-year without ever taking the time to examine the information. If this is you—you are not alone.
Many of us have been trained to think it’s our CPA’s job to understand what's shown on our return. Or, we may sign it without asking any questions trusting that our spouse has taken care of preparing the return and that it is correct.
As specialists in taxes and divorce financial planning, we've seen numerous cases where women are completely unaware of their financial situation. They have years of jointly-filed tax returns, yet lack any real knowledge of the total amount of income their spouse earns or the overall net worth of their family.
If you’ve blindly signed your tax returns in years past, we encourage you to dig out this year’s return and review it. If you filed an extension, then now is your opportunity to look at your return before signing it.
In many cases, your federal tax return is the single best document to understand your total financial picture.
Use your return and the supporting documents to answer the following financial questions:
The answers should give you the facts necessary to understand the basics of your family's overall level of income and assets. Use this as a baseline to monitor changes from year to year, and consider it your ‘canary in the coal mine’ for early warning signals of trends that could impact your future financial health.
Your tax return is also a great investigative tool to use in the event of divorce. It’s a critical source of information if you suspect there may be accounts hidden from your view, or if your spouse is not forthcoming if you are going through a divorce. For example, bank accounts held in your spouse's sole name can be found by examining Schedule C while brokerage accounts holding securities might be discovered by examining Schedule D.
Bottom line, the return is a legal document, and all information on it is tied to your social security number. If you sign a return without reviewing the details, you're taking responsibility for what's reported, and you can be held legally responsible for anything on the return.
I encourage you to start now by reviewing your tax return if it’s already been filed or looking at it before you sign it this year. It’s the best step you can take to knowing the financial details of your family and getting engaged in securing your financial future.
Shawn: Now you hear all kinds of deals about leasing cars, how can you negotiate a better deal if you want to lease?
Nina: Okay, well many people don't realize that they can actually negotiate the sticker price on a leased car in the same way that you would do that if you're buying a car. And since when you lease -- when you're, you know, your lease payments basically cover the depreciation, the difference between the sales price and the residual value. So it's definitely in your best interest to try to reduce that sales price as much as possible because then you'll pay you know, smaller dollars over the life of the lease. Make sure you pay attention to the down payment at the lease signing. And so here's an example, you might see an ad that says you know, lease payment is only 1.99 a month and that sounds like a great deal for thirty six months. The catch is, is that it might require a $3,600 down payment. So, if you amortize the down payment, then actually that 1.99 special, becomes 2.99. So, you really have to kind of look at total costs.
And then lastly, dealerships use the term, money or lease factor, when they're calculating your financing costs and a lease factor is not the same as an interest rate. So, you have to make sure the dealer converts that lease factor into a comparable interest rate so you know what your financing charges are.
Shawn: At the end of the day, does one method wind up being more expensive more often than the other, or can we tell that?
Nina: You know what, it really depends on how long, if you're going to hold the car for a long time, you're better off buying. But if you know, and if you're not, if you just really enjoy driving and you want to have a new car, then go ahead and lease. I mean, there's pros and cons to both, to be honest with you, it's not one size fits all.
Shawn: Alright Nina, great. Happy Thanksgiving to you. Alright, Nina Mitchell is with The Colony Group, for more go to wtop.com and search Her Wealth.
Consider this your training manual to get and stay financially fit for life!