SHAWN: The advice in making money decisions. Well now we'll take a look at how they can directly affect your finances.
HILLARY: Joining us, Dawn Doebler; cofounder of Her Wealth and Senior Wealth Advisor at Bridgewater Wealth in Bethesda. Dawn, good to see you!
DAWN: Good to see you Hillary.
HILLARY: So, there are more than 40 dimensions of wealth that each person should really consider when making decisions. Let’s refresh everyone’s memory on what they are?
DAWN: That’s right! Well last week we talked about the importance of considering aspects of your life situation and how they impact your financial decisions. So we wanted to give our listeners a chart to review and take a look at. And in the chart, we have something called ''dimensions of wealth'', which you mentioned. We break them down into four categories:
And, all of these categories and all of these 40 things should be considered when you’re making financial decisions.
SHAWN: Now, how do all these dimensions of someone’s wealth play out in the advice and the decisions they make?
DAWN: Well, the reason we did this article this week is to point out that advice given to the masses may ignore some special situations that shouldn't and that means the advice may not be appropriate for you. So we illustrate this article by looking out for generally accepted financial rules of thumb. We looked at retirement income, college savings, investment alternatives and how much cash to keep on hand. Let’s talk about retirement income; there's a general rule of thumb that's called the ''4% rule'' because most people ask how much can I take out of my retirement account without running out of money.
So, 4% is generally accepted as the amount you can take out each year without running out of money. But, the wealth dimensions that we talk about in the article; things like your spending rate, your other sources of income and your tax bracket affect what that percentage should be. So for example; we work with a lot of people in the government who have really nice pension income. And when that’s the case and if that’s the case for you, you probably can withdraw actually more than 4% of your investments per year without exhausting them and that’s because you aren't going to be forced to liquidate assets in a potentially down market. So, another way to say that is, you can break that 4% rule.
HILLARY: Can you give us a few examples of how family dimension affects retirement income?
DAWN: Yes, so we just talked about some things that could allow you to withdraw more than 4%. Let’s talk about some family dimensions that could reduce that 4%.
So for example; if we have someone with a family history of chronic health conditions, we usually say you don’t want to withdraw 4%, you want to reserve more, but you have that available for long-term care especially because you may not be insurable.
Also, another one that generally causes people to withdraw less than 4%, is if they have a spouse who's substantially younger than them because you need to preserve that money for that spouse.
And then lastly, if we have children with special needs or other people in the family that might need the money, we would say that you want to not follow the 4% rule, but perhaps withdraw less than that.
So the bottom line is really, we have these rules of thumb, but it really depends on your specific circumstances. We suggest you use the chart in the article, make sure you're reviewing all of those things that are specific to you before you follow this general advice.
SHAWN: Alright Dawn, thanks so much. Dawn Doebler, Bridgewater Wealth in Bethesda. The article she refers to is on WTOP.com search Her Wealth.
Shawn: Now you hear all kinds of deals about leasing cars, how can you negotiate a better deal if you want to lease?
Nina: Okay, well many people don't realize that they can actually negotiate the sticker price on a leased car in the same way that you would do that if you're buying a car. And since when you lease -- when you're, you know, your lease payments basically cover the depreciation, the difference between the sales price and the residual value. So it's definitely in your best interest to try to reduce that sales price as much as possible because then you'll pay you know, smaller dollars over the life of the lease. Make sure you pay attention to the down payment at the lease signing. And so here's an example, you might see an ad that says you know, lease payment is only 1.99 a month and that sounds like a great deal for thirty six months. The catch is, is that it might require a $3,600 down payment. So, if you amortize the down payment, then actually that 1.99 special, becomes 2.99. So, you really have to kind of look at total costs.
And then lastly, dealerships use the term, money or lease factor, when they're calculating your financing costs and a lease factor is not the same as an interest rate. So, you have to make sure the dealer converts that lease factor into a comparable interest rate so you know what your financing charges are.
Shawn: At the end of the day, does one method wind up being more expensive more often than the other, or can we tell that?
Nina: You know what, it really depends on how long, if you're going to hold the car for a long time, you're better off buying. But if you know, and if you're not, if you just really enjoy driving and you want to have a new car, then go ahead and lease. I mean, there's pros and cons to both, to be honest with you, it's not one size fits all.
Shawn: Alright Nina, great. Happy Thanksgiving to you. Alright, Nina Mitchell is with The Colony Group, for more go to wtop.com and search Her Wealth.
Consider this your training manual to get and stay financially fit for life!